The Amazing Benefits of Wool 

Wool gives superior performance to man-made fibres, and as wool is a naturally occurring fibre it brings so many other amazing benefits: 

Wool is a renewable product. Sheep grow their woollen fleece yearly and sheep are abundant in Australia. Australia prides itself on its Wool Industry and is regarded among the world’s best. Our local sheep industry maintains world class animal health and welfare standards as well as producing a superior product.

Australia has strict regional and national bio-security programs to prevent the outbreak and spread of infectious diseases.  We also have many rigorous restrictions around certain herbicides and pesticides that can be used around Australian livestock. 

Australia is also guided by the 5 Freedoms for the Welfare of Animals: Freedom from Hunger and thirst; Freedom from discomfort; Freedom from pain, injury and disease, Freedom to express normal behaviours; Freedom fear and distress. 

What makes wool biodegradable is a natural protein called Keratin, the same protein found in human hair. It’s this protein that gives wool its resilience and elasticity as well as its ability to decompose in soil; what comes from nature can be returned to nature, enriching the soil and nourishing new life. 

When a natural wool fibre is disposed of in soil, it takes a very short time to break down, whereas most synthetics are extremely slow to degrade.

It is this protein which also makes wool unique as it cannot be synthetically replicated. The Keratin is responsible for Wools’ outstanding mechanical stretch, it will bounce back into shape and keep performing under heavy conditions, and this makes it perfect for Heavy Duty Commercial textiles.


Wool is like a spring, it has a natural crimp that allows it to return to its natural shape even after being stretched by up to 30%.  Its complex coiled structure gives it great resilience against becoming flat and hard, so you can count on wool to keep its shape.  

A lot of people are surprised to hear that Wool is naturally Fire Retardant.  Wool is difficult to ignite, has low flame spread and heat release properties; it does not melt and has superior self-extinguishing qualities. It makes it the perfect product for projects that have strict fire safety regulations.

All our fabrics pass the Building Material Fire Tests;

AS/NZS 1530.3 - 1999

IMO Resolution A.652 (16) 8.2 & 8.3

AS/NZS 3837:1999


For a copy of the test reports please contact your rep.  

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There has been a lot of research in the last couple of years into Indoor Air Quality and the benefits of healthy workspaces. Another unique quality of wool is its ability to absorb and neutralise many harmful pollutants from the air, benefitting those who use the space. 

Our strict farm to fabric chain of custody ensures there are no harmful emissions from our fabrics. We commissioned CETEC (Consulting Enterprises in Technology) to test the fabrics in our collection using the methods and principles for VOC emissions outlined in the Green Star- Office Design Technical Manual (IEQ-13 Indoor Air Pollutants).

Click here for more information.  

Another amazing benefit is that Wool is hypo-allergenic, resistant to bacteria, mould, mildew and Wool’s macro structure makes it unfavourable for the growth and breeding of dust mites. The natural fibres in wool create a dry environment by absorbing and dispelling moisture thereby inhibiting the growth of these types of nasties. 

Wool fabrics clean easily because the outside surface of the wool fibre consists of a series of over lapping scales (similar to the feathers on a bird), which means that dirt sits on the surface of the fibre, making it easy to remove. 

Wool also generates very little static electricity because of the qualities of its natural fibres.  Static attracts lint, dirt, and dust, so its anti-static properties keep it much cleaner for longer.

Click here for our recommendations on Care and Cleaning.

Wool has unique thermal properties due to the outermost layer of the wool fibre which is called the cuticle. The cuticle is covered in fine layer of wax and it also contains microscopic pores which allow liquids to not only be absorbed but also be evaporated.  "As the humidity of the surrounding air rises and falls, the fibre absorbs and releases water vapour. Heat is generated and retained during the absorption phase, which makes wool a natural insulator. Used in the home, wool helps to reduce energy costs and prevents the loss of energy to the external environment, thus reducing carbon emissions."(Campaign For Wool, 2019) 

Copyright © 2014. Sustainable Living Fabrics Pty Ltd. All rights reserved. 

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